Diaper rash is one of the most common skin conditions in babies – about a third of babies suffer from diaper rash by their first birthday, and it can cause a great deal of discomfort. Diaper rash is an allergic reaction that appears in the areas of the skin normally covered by the diaper, usually in the folds of the groin and near the bottom area.
Its primary cause is infrequent diaper changes, which can lead to excess moisture and increased acidity of the skin, disrupting the skin’s function as a barrier between the body and its environment.
Other potential causes of diaper rash include:
- Naturally occurring fungus and a combination of sweat, dampness and excretions that could lead to infection.
- Infrequent diaper changes.
- Using wipes that are not suitable for sensitive skin containing harsh preservatives that damage the skin.
Prevention and treatment
- Studies show that babies whose diapers are changed at least 8 times a day have diaper rash less frequently. Changing diapers frequently is important for two reasons: prolonged dampness increases skin sensitivity and proneness to rashes; and the longer diapers are left unchanged, the longer enzymes from excretions have to damage baby’s skin. Ideally, change your baby’s diaper often, every 2-3 hours, in order to prevent the contact of dampness and excretions with the skin for extended periods of time.
- When changing your baby’s diaper, rinse his skin with running water and gently pat dry.
- Choose wipes that are suitable for sensitive skin.
- Use therapeutic diaper ointment like SeboCalm Baby Diaper Rash Ointment, which is water-free and has been dermatologically tested for baby’s sensitive skin. Use an ointment that forms a layer of protection from dampness and moisture without blocking pores to allow the skin to breathe.
- During the summer months, let your baby be diaper-free in order keep the area ventilated.
- Do not fasten baby’s diaper too tightly as this could restrict air flow.
- If the rash persists for a few days or if blisters or sores with pus appear, contact your baby’s physician.