Male-pattern baldness is a very common phenomenon. 80% of men report some extent of a receding hairline by age 70. Male-pattern baldness is completely different from female-pattern hair loss. While women experience hair loss as a result of genetics, hormonal problems and a modern lifestyle that includes poor nutrition, harsh hair treatments (hair dryers, extensions, straightening, etc.), 98% of men experience hair loss as a result of genetic predisposition.
Male-pattern baldness begins above the temples or along the sides of the hairline and gradually progresses until the bare temples merge with the sides leading to complete hair loss.
The scalp (the bald spot) is among the skin’s most sensitive areas to the sun because of the sun’s direct access to the scalp. The younger men are when they begin to lose their hair, the more exposed their scalp is to the sun, and the more cumulative damage is caused.
Young men suffering from early-onset baldness experience pigmentation changes (discoloration) that indicate irregular skin activity. With age, men develop other skin conditions as well.
As a sensitive area replete with blood vessels and thin, delicate skin exposed to direct, harmful sun rays, the scalp, like the face, should be treated by following a preventative skincare regimen.
How can the exposed scalp be protected?
- The skin of the scalp is very thin and permeable. It is important to use facial skincare products and not body skincare products, which are often unsuitable for the delicate scalp. Choose gentle, hypoallergenic products specially formulated for sensitive skin.
- The scalp is usually oily, so products based on Vaseline, paraffin oil or hair wax could clog the skin and block natural perspiration. It is best to choose oil-free creams.
- Scalp irritation can be treated by hydrating the skin with facial skincare products that are hypoallergenic and specially formulated to soothe red, irritated skin. Skin irritation is usually caused by climate conditions or treatment that is too harsh for thin, delicate skin.
- Use hair conditioner instead of shaving cream when shaving the scalp. Conditioner facilitates smoother shaving because it contains ingredients that soften the hair and skin.
- Use a small amount of a gentle cleanser to wash the scalp. Using too much soap or washing the scalp too vigorously increases sebum secretion and generates new pimples.
- Applying sunscreen to the scalp throughout the day, all year round, is a must. The sun is not the only source of harmful rays; fluorescent lights, computer screens, mobile devices, and light penetrating the room or the car can deliver harmful rays as well.
- Avoid using tight caps or hats that can impede blood flow to this sensitive area.
- When showering, avoid using very hot water. Towards the end of the shower, switch to lukewarm water. Avoid scrubbing the scalp or drying it with a hair dryer.
- People with a sensitive scalp should sleep on a smooth, satin-like pillow case. Massaging the scalp regularly with the tips of the fingers promotes healthy blood flow to the area.
- Follow a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables. Vitamins and minerals are healthy for your skin, including your scalp.